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For the following English morphemes, list whether the morpheme is a root or affix. If a root, list whether it is free or bound. If an affix, list whether it is inflectional or derivational. Using the following data, complete a morphological analysis by answering the questions below about the Turkish language…Etc.VanderStouwe – Spring 2020
Linguistics 305: Introduction to Language Studies
Assignment 4: Morphology (100 points)
INSTRUCTIONS: Complete the following activities completely using the information
from lecture and your book. All answers must be turned in as a hard copy at the beginning of
class on the due date. No late assignments will be accepted.
1. For the following English morphemes, list whether the morpheme is a root or affix. If a
root, list whether it is free or bound. If an affix, list whether it is inflectional or
derivational. (10 points)
Root/Affix?
Free/Bound or Infl./Deriv.?
a. cran
b. -ful
c. train
d. -ness
e. –‘s
2. Using the following data, complete a morphological analysis by answering the questions
below about the Turkish language. (25 points)
[ʃehiɾ]
‘city’
[ʃehiɾden] ‘from the city’
[el]
‘hand’
[elim]
‘my hand’
[elimde] ‘in my hand’
[kœpɾy] ‘bridge’
[kœpɾyleɾ] ‘bridges’
[kœpɾyleɾe] ‘to the bridges’
[kœpɾyde] ‘on the bridge’
[zilim]
[zilleɾ]
[eve]
[evde]
[evden]
[kœpɾyden]
[elleɾinize]
[sesleɾiniz]
[otobysleɾ]
‘my bell’
‘bells’
‘to the house’
‘in the house’
‘from the house’
‘from the bridge’
‘to your hands’
‘your voices’
‘buses’
a. What morphemes mean:
i. city
ii. hand
iii. bridge
iv. house
v. bell
vi. voice
vii. bus
viii. from
ix. on/in
x. my
xi. your
xii. to
xiii. PLURAL
b. What order do morphemes come in Turkish, based on the data?
c. What do the following mean in English?
i. [ʃehiɾde]
ii. [elleɾiniz]
d. How would you say ‘on my bus’ in Turkish?
3. Using the following data, complete a morphological analysis by answering the questions
below about the Cree language, spoken primarily in Canada. (10 points)
(OVER)
VanderStouwe – Spring 2020
niwapahten
kimachishen
nitapinan
kiwapahten
nimachishenan
kitapinawaw
‘I see it’
‘You cut it’
‘We sit’
‘You see it’
‘We cut it’
‘You (pl) sit’
niwapahtenan
kimachishenawaw
nitapin
kiwapahtenawaw
nimachishen
kitapin
‘We see it’
‘You (pl) cut it’
‘I sit’
‘You (pl) see it’
‘I cut it’
‘You sit’
a. Determine the morphemes that correspond to the following:
i. 1st person
v. See
ii. 2nd person
vi. Cut
st
iii. 1 plural
vii. Sit
iv. 2nd plural
viii. ‘it’ (Object)
b. Are verbs in Cree bound or free? How do you know?
4. Throughout the week, or in your daily knowledge of English words, find five (5) words
(many will be colloquial/slang) that exemplify of one of the morphological processes
we’ve discussed in class. Write each word down, along with the formation process, the
original word(s) from which it is derived, and an example sentence for its use. Do NOT
use classroom or book examples. A definition is not required for your word. An
example is provided for you. (20 points
EX: Word: ‘fam’ Process: clipping
Original word: family Sentence: ‘Hey fam,
I’ve got a show coming up and I want you all to come see me perform.”
5. For the following words in English, fill in the number of morphemes, and identify the
root, the word class of the root, and the word class of the entire word. Be careful: the
root’s word class and the full word’s class may or may not be the same. The first one is
done for you. (28 points)
WORD
# Morphemes
ROOT
ROOT CLASS
WORD CLASS
EX: kindnesses
3
kind
adjective
noun
a. amazement
b. reusable
c. lovelier
d. historical
e. beautiful
f. friendliness
g. relish
6. Read the following sentence from A Clockwork Orange and answer the questions below
(8 points):
I got out of the auto, ordering my droogs to shush their giggles and act like
serious, and I opened this malenky gate and walked up to the front door.
a. What word class does the word “droogs” belong to?
b. What word class does the word “malenky” belong to?
c. What morphosyntactic evidence do you have for your answer in (6a)? (Provide
at least two pieces of evidence)

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