Discussion Reply Instructions
Each reply must incorporate at least 1 course textbook citation and 1 scholarly citation in current APA format. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years. Acceptable sources include the textbook, the Bible, and scholarly journal articles.
How does self-efficacy impact personality?
The way that self-efficacy impacts our personalities is by the actions performed. It is about how someone can react to a situation in our lives. Each of these expectations can help motivate us to do better or bring us down about problems. Those who have a high self-efficacy are satisfied with their lives; they feel like they are more successful. People who have low self-efficacy feel as if they fail in life events. Ultimately, they feel helpless and incapable of facing an issue.
How do your own MBTI results impact your personal self-efficacy?
I believe that knowing my Myers-Briggs personality type has helped me understand myself more and know my personality strengths and weaknesses. Because self-efficacy impacts my behavior towards situations in life, it allows me to either motivate to do better or have the potential to bring myself down. The results of my MBTI test conducted that I have the INFJ personality, which means I came back as 28% introvert, 22% iNtutive, 69% feeling, and 25% judging. I believe that being an INFJ, I am thoughtful and warm-hearted on the inside; however, I tend to express traits such as being stubborn, moody, and bottling up negative emotions. The way being stubborn impacts my self-efficacy is based on it allows me to choose irrational decisions that would stretch ourselves so thin to the point that we will lose track of what’s really important in our lives, like self-love and acceptance. Being moody makes me suppress my emotions especially the intense ones that would lead me to push other people away. I believe that others will not understand my perspective. By doing this, I are hurting myself emotionally and psychologically, then I would lose belief in myself. When I bottle up negative emotions, I typically tend to feel being wronged and by doing so we would rather just keep the feeling for the sake of conformity. By not addressing these emotions, it will pile up and would make me lash out and that will affect my productivity in life. I also believe having this personality type can allow me to put my thoughts into actions, but as expressed above I do have frequent spells of self-doubt.
What role does your faith play in self-efficacy expectations?
Romans 8:28 says, “And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called in accordance of his purpose” (English Standard Version, 2001). I personally have found a lot of comfort throughout my life, especially when it comes to this verse. When I have let myself, my goals, and others down by not meeting certain expectations, this verse affirms me. I know that God will always have a plan for my life in that it helps me dive deeper and restart to meet those goals.
Bandura describes self-efficacy as the foundation of human agency in which one believes that one can exercise some control of their functioning and environmental events (Feist et al., 2021). Those beliefs influence the course of action, effort invested, perseverance in obstacles, and resiliency following setbacks. Bandura listed four contributors to self-efficacy: mastery experiences, social modeling, social persuasion, and physical and emotional states (Feist et al., 2021). Baranczuk (2021) adds that self-efficacy enables individuals to integrate cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral skills to find solutions to accomplish their objectives.
The relationship between self-efficacy and personality is observed in research. Stajkovic et al. (2018) state that their meta-analysis showed that only conscientiousness and emotional stability were predictive of self-efficacy. Baranczuk (2021) found that neuroticism, often characterized through avoidance and behavioral inhibition, allows fewer opportunities to raise self-efficacy. The meta-analysis determined that personality traits and age were significant moderators of determining self-efficacy. Holman & Hughes (2021) found a growing body of research that suggests that traits are not fixed but develop throughout a lifetime, with experiences as the primary driver of adult changes.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator concluded an introverted, intuitive, thinking, and judging personality. INTJs make up only one percent of women and three percent of men (Truity Psychometrics, 2022). They are referred to as masterminds because they are strategic, logical, and analytical problem solvers. These characteristics promote high self-efficacy through methodical planning, including a dozen contingency plans for potential problems. The box that restricts so many does not exist.
Faith remains front and center in self-efficacy expectations. 2 Corinthians 3:4-5 reminds us that “Such confidence we have through Christ before God. Not that we are competent in ourselves to claim anything for ourselves, but our competence comes from God” (NIV). The best lessons provide new opportunities to grow and improve, and sometimes, the lessons present as failures.
Baranczuk, U. (2021). The Five-Factor model of personality and generalized self efficacy. Journal of Individual Differences. 42.4. 183-193. https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001/a000345
Feist, G., Roberts, T., Feist, J. (2021). Theories of personality (10th ed). McGraw-Hill Education.
Holman, D.J., & Hughes D.J. (2021). Transactions between Big-5 personality traits and job characteristics across 20 years.
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 94