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Purpose

To discuss our PowerPoint ‘Emotion Norms: Gendered/Transgendered and Sexuality’ and Chapter 2 Emotion Norms to increase our understanding and knowledge of content related to cultural emotions.

Task

To discern how emotion norms are used to guide and set boundaries for certain types of emotions displays.

Discussion Questions

  • Discuss and define emotions norms? What is direct and indirect socialization? 
  • Discuss what you understand.
  • Describe a situation where you learned how to behave in certain environments like at family meals/gatherings, school, church etc.? How does this experience relate to the early stages of emotion norms?
  • Ask questions about what you don’t understand.
  • Discuss how emotions norms are used to challenge people who deviate? Focus on gendered/transgendered and sexuality themes addressed in the powerpoint.
  • Wherever possible discuss how the content in the powerpoint and reading is related to a possible topic for your statement of the problem content analysis research

Emotion Norms:
Gendered/Transgendered and Sexuality

Theodoric Manley, Jr. Phd

All the girls love Alice—Elton John (1973) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-eyjBBcUO9k

The Emotion Norm intensity chart: Accommodate

I am and completely in control of my emotions: This is baseline

I can easily shake it off and forget it.

The emotion is mild but is hard to shake it off.

The emotion will not go away, but I can tolerate it.

Its hard for me to think about anything other than my unpleasant emotion.

I am so upset that it is difficult to focus on work, family, friends, school, spouse, partner, children.

My emotion is making it hard to interact with others, I may say something I’ll regret.

The emotion is very intense, and it is hard for me to make good decisions. I cannot think clearly.

My emotion is severe and disabling. I am unable to participate in activities.

Bodily—Physiological Changes

Early Stages of Emotion Norms

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=apzXGEbZht0

Good, bad, ugly

Restoration, repair, reject

What if you’re in the ugly-reject?

What do emotions norms look like?

Exercise

Direct and Indirect Socialization

Temporal/Historical

Cross-cultural Variations

Surface acting

Deep acting/Cognitive

Emotional Deviance

Type of feeling

Intensity (too much too little)

Duration

Timing

Placing (right time/correct emotion)

Indian Survival and

African Slavery/Enslavement

Accommodationist Period

American Indian Cultural Emotions: Enculturation

Enculturation

The social bonding is very strong. There is a sense of responsibility for the wellbeing of the members of your group than yourself. The individual self comes much later than the group members. Where social expectations mold our desires, where social obligations are the root of our existence. The emphasis is on others’ well being rather than on personal wellbeing. There is a feeling of sharing, bonding and reciprocity which is unique. A deep sense of humanity which prevails which fosters mutual growth. Unlike in Western cultures, emphasis is on “we” than “me”. This humane perspective makes our lives more meaningful, and hence more morally responsible. This in turn influences our moral emotions. These strong bonds of relationships provide a sense of security and safety which makes possible to overcome any obstacle in life with ease. Moreover, these personal groups also become a source of inspiration, celebration, as well as mourning. “Understanding Emotions from an Indian perspective: implications for Wellbeing.” 2010 Dr Meetu Khosla

The Return of the Native: Cornell (1988)

An incisive look at American Indian and Euro-American relations from the seventeenth century to the present. A deep look at how such relations–and Indian responses to them–have shaped contemporary Indian emotions and political fortunes. In the early days of colonization, Indians were able to maintain their nationhood by playing off the competing European powers; and how the American Revolution and westward expansion eventually caused Native Americans to lose their land, social cohesion, and economic independence. The final part of the book recounts the slow, steady reemergence of American Indian emotional and political power and identity, evidenced by emotional militant political activism in the 1960s and early 1970s. By paying particular attention to the evolution of Indian groups as collective actors and to changes over time in Indian political opportunities and their capacities to act on those opportunities, Cornell traces the Indian path from power to powerlessness and back to power again.

Puttin’ on Ole Massa (Kirkus Review, 1969)

Through the narratives runs a shrouded rage at the humiliation as well as physical suffering forced upon the beleaguered ego. Some ancient myths are squelched in passing. There is an abhorrence of “”white”” religion (“”religious teaching consists in teaching the slave. . . that God made him for a slave””); of the “”kindly”” master who ever so kindly perpetuates the degradation of slavery; of American ideology. Freedom is also an identity: “”I was not only hunting for my liberty, but also hunting for a name.”” The adventures of the three are shocking but these are pleas less for pity than for justice.

Mastering Emotions: The
Emotional Politics of Slavery, Erin Dwyer, 2012

“Some enslaved people were less willing to mask their feelings for slaveholders’ benefit. Showing once again that slaves were constantly reading slaveholders’ emotions, Solomon Northup observed that one day his master seemed “even more morose and disagreeable than usual,” a sure sign that Northup needed to be wary. But Northup was only willing to alter his behavior so much. Northup declared that the man was his owner, and therefore “entitled by law to my flesh and blood.” However, Northup emphasized that though his body legally belonged to the slaveholder “there was no law that could prevent me from looking upon him with intense contempt,” and so he refused to conceal how much he loathed the man. Northup would concede his labor, but he saw his emotions as his own, and he would not temper the anger he felt for the slaveholder. Openly gazing upon him “with intense contempt” was a way for Northup to show that his emotions could not be purchased.”

Intensity of Emotions norms

“A long time ago this land belonged to our fathers, but when I go up to the river, I see camps of soldiers on its banks. These soldiers cut down my timber, they kill my buffalo and when I see that, my heart feels like bursting.” – Satanta, Kiowa Chief

“Tricksters achieve their objectives through indirection and mask-wearing, through playing upon the gullibility of their opponents. In other words, tricksters succeed by outsmarting or outthinking their opponents. In executing their actions, they give no thought to right or wrong; indeed, they are amoral. Mostly, they are pictured in contest or quest situations, and they must use their wits to get out of trouble or bring about a particular result.” (Trudier Harris, 2010)

20

Value System

Culture

Religion

Tradition

Norms, Rules

Social Construction of Gender

Reproduce

Beliefs

Customs

E

X

p

E

C

T

A

T

I

O

N

Produce

Appropriate behavior of men & women

21

Social Construction of Gender

Internalize

Socialize

Deeply rooted

Society

Do/Don’t

Male/Female

differently

Where did we learn?

From who?

How?

Social institution:

school, home, temple/church

Parent, teacher, religious

leaders, relative/elder,

friends, sibling

Generation

By

generation

22

Social Construction of Gender

Sex

Gender

Biological differences

Physiological characteristic

Socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women

NATURE

Social Construction “GENDER”

Queer Theory Being Gendered: Male and Female Socially Constructed Roles

The Burning Bed, 1984

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hc45-ptHMxo

https://youtu.be/FCpv0P9aLkI

As you view this video, please be conscious of any physiological changes, expressive gestures, emotion labels, and situation cues you experience.

Doing Gender
A Girl Like Me: The Gwen Araujo Story

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hYm0RSEkPoU

As you view this video, please be conscious of any physiological changes, expressive gestures, emotion labels, and situation cues you experience.

Gwen Araujo

Gwen Amber Rose Araujo was an American teenager who was murdered in Newark, California. She was killed by four men, two of whom she had been sexually intimate with, who beat and strangled her after discovering that she was transgender. Wikipedia

Born: February 24, 1985, Newark, CA

Died: October 3, 2002, Newark, CA

Perpetrators: Jason Cazares; Michael Magidson; José Merél; Jaron Nabors

Date: October 4, 2002 (Pacific)

Buried: Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Los Angeles, CA

Parents: Eddie Araujo Sr., Sylvia Guerrero

Sexuality as Cultural Emotions!

Meg Ryans Fake Orgasm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0OeM6UUAoI

As you view this video, please be conscious of any physiological changes, expressive gestures, emotion labels, and situation cues you experience.

Let’s talk about sex: Sex and the City

Empowering

Empowering and radical because it lifts repression and challenges taboos

Talking

Talking about intimate sexual matters challenges patriarchal power relations, upsets established law and anticipates coming freedom

Talking heterosexual sex in Sex and the City

‘Clam mouth’

‘Déjá-fuck’

‘Goldicocks’

‘The cunt’

‘You’re dick is soo.. hard!!’

‘Don’t stop!!’

‘You feel good inside of me!!’

‘Baby your either a virgin or Flo just came to town’

Talking about homosexual sex

Deeper!

Right there!

Suck it!

Lick it harder!

Types/Forms of Power in sex, sexuality and gender in the city

Base

Base: ability to have control over the production and reproduction of sex, sexuality and gender. (Federal, State and Local city governments, media institutions and agencies—Texas Law)

Scope

Scope: ability to sanction, stigmatize and stereotype various forms of sex, sexuality and gender

Manipulate

Manipulate: ability to modify, change, and transform sex, sexuality and gender in the city

Influence

Influence: ability to persuade preference and interest in various forms of sex, sexuality and gender in the city

Second versus Third Wave Feminist

2nd wave: Sexual Freedom and Sexual agency essential to women’s political liberation

2nd wave: Sexuality is primarily a site of oppression and danger for women—rejected to some extent by 3rd wave

3rd wave independence in pursuing their own interest in sexual pleasures

3rd wave: Female orgasm becomes central not secondary to sex where male gratification is typically first.

Pomosexual/Pansexual

Sexual expression and avoidance of sexual labels

Neither male or female sexuality exist but sleeping with individuals whether gay or straight and both.

Gender experimentation more taboo than sexual experimentation

Do it Yourself Citizenship

The liberated sexual self as a self-styled individual consumer

Identity based and open to lesbians, queer, transsexual, bi-sexual, gay, interracial , interethnic, and interclass (poor to rich)

“I don’t see color, I see conquest” right to consume cross-culturally enhances one’s own signification

Emotion Norms

Why do we control our cultural emotions in certain social situations?

In those situations, do our cultural emotions build up?

Do our cultural emotions change, become more intense?

Do our cultural emotions evolve into something else?

What is the something else?

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