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The thesis is the statement of your perspectives on the literature. It should also include the rationale and relevant empirical and theoretical background supporting your perspectives. The primary objective is to outline specific areas of inquiry you intend to answer in the course of the Integrative Literature Review. Although they may change during the course of the review, articulating these areas of inquiry early will help provide focus and direction for your research. Begin by introducing the areas of inquiry to be included in your Integrative Literature Review. Explain your perspective on the literature and include how you arrived at this viewpoint, how the literature you have chosen to include supports this viewpoint, and why this perspective is relevant to the field of psychology.Based on your introduction, briefly discuss the literature you have chosen by integrating concepts developed from the four different content domains (Developmental Psychology, Psychopathology, Cognitive Psychology and Psychopharmacology). Be sure to utilize at least one peer-reviewed source per domain. Construct clear and concise arguments using evidence-based psychological concepts and theories to support your perspectives regarding the literature. To conclude, identify any overarching implications shown in the studies and describe how these influenced your perspectives on the literature?

Thesis Statement for your Integrative Literature Review

Literature reviews are one of the most important forms of
academic communication.  They should provide a clear,
compelling, and detailed overview of a topic.  Many literature
reviews begin with a standard essay style introduction including a
thesis sentence.  For your introduction this week, please begin
with an attention-getting opening statement and a clear
demonstration of the value to readers.  If we do not attract
people’s attention or demonstrate the value of our work, readers
will tune out.  Give readers compelling reasons to continue
reading.  This rationale will lead to your thesis statement.

Step 1

Our first goal this week is to create the introduction to your paper
by identifying your topic, stating its relevance to psychology, and
stating your perspective as a thesis statement.  The thesis
statement provides the rationale and outline of the subsequent
literature review and is found at the end of an introduction.  See
below for supporting resources and remember to review the
grading rubric for this part of the assignment.

• (Links to an
external site.)

• (Links to an
external site.)


Step 2

The second goal is to begin presenting the relevant arguments
and evidence.  The body of a general literature review provides a
well-organized overview of the field including the primary claims,
themes, and key evidence.  It is also important to summarize key
methods, limitations, controversies, or contradictory findings from

research reports.  Consider comparing and contrasting the core
claims and evidence from each domain, and prepare to give
readers a final take home message at the end of the integrative
literature review.  You will not know the full message until after
reading all of your sources, but in general, conclusions are an
inverted version of the introduction, so many of the same ideas
from your introduction will be highlighted again in the conclusion.

Organize by domains:  The body of your integrative literature
review is first organized by domain. You will have four primary
subsections in the body of your paper, one for each domain.  For
this week, please use at least one peer reviewed reference and at
least one well-developed paragraph per domain. 

As you work towards the final paper, add information to each of
these domain specific sections and organize that information by
theme, **NOT** by source or author.  In this way, the body of your
paper will first be organized by domain and will then be organized
by themes within each domain, providing an overall logical
structure and story for the paper. 

Your readers do not want to see an article-by-article description of
the sources. Instead, each paragraph in a literature review should
summarize, compare, and contrast ideas from multiple articles
and the in-text citations for these paragraphs often list more than
one source.  Remember to start each paragraph with a topic
sentence, but almost never start a sentence with a citation or
author name.  Readers first want to know about the topic or your
discoveries about a topic. The citation information should then
appear at the end of the sentence.  Remember, “information first,
source second”.  This will help with the overall storytelling in your
literature review and will help readers remember the main points.

Critiquing evidence:  When using empirical research, look for
numerical evidence as well as verbal claims.  For example, if

researchers discovered that a therapy provides statistically
significant relief or improvements in symptoms, mention which
symptoms this applies to and report the size of those changes as
well.  How much of an improvement is seen?  How many people
were in the study? How strongly does the quantitative evidence
support the authors’ conclusions?  Quantitative information is
typically found in the results section of the paper and key results
are often highlighted in the abstract and discussion.   See below
for supporting resources and remember to review the grading
rubric for this part of the assignment.

• Literature reviews:
literature-review (Links to an external site.)

• Critiquing research:
article-critique (Links to an external site.)


Step 3

Our conclusion provides a final chance to repeat key claims,
remind readers of key evidence, and present this as a succinct
take-home message.  This is the same method you might use in a
presentation where you will “1) tell the audience what you will tell
them, 2) tell them, 3) tell them what you told them.” See below for
supporting resources and remember to review the grading rubric
for this part of the assignment.

• Introductions and Conclusions: https:// (Links to an
external site.)

Reminders for the Final Integrative Literature Review: 

Writing is most effective when other people find and read it.  Use
the tips below as preparation for your final paper.  You do not
need to include a title and abstract this week, but please begin
thinking about these final steps which are required in Week 6.

To increase the chance that people will read your paper, create a
noteworthy title and abstract.  Readers scan titles to find
interesting information, and they read abstracts to gain a quick
understanding and to decide if they will read the rest of the paper. 
While titles and abstracts are critical, we recommend writing them
last.  Once you have written your whole literature review, the title
and abstract become your chance to attract a reader’s attention
and summarize the message succinctly.

• Tips for Titles:
titles.html (Links to an external site.)

• Abstracts:

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