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Apply the Chapter Concepts; Case in Point ? Maria Gonzalez

Maria Gonzalez is a first-year Head Start teacher. She is enjoying her work but is particularly challenged by one of the families in her classroom. The Martinez family consists of Rosa, a young single mother; Diego, a charming four-year-old who is very shy; and an elderly grandmother who speaks no English.

  1. How might Rosa benefit from her daily conversations with Maria?
  2. What are some of the things Diego learns as he watches his mother and teacher talk together each day?
  3. How might Maria benefit as a teacher by her close communication with this family?
  4. Consider any potential barriers that Maria should be aware of and ways these could be overcome.
  5. Create a list of behaviors and attitudes that may act as barriers from them?that is, what would make parents feel uncomfortable with teachers, and teachers uncomfortable with parents?

Chapter 5

Benefits and Barriers in Teacher-Family Partnerships

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Preview Questions

What do you think children gain when their teachers create partnerships with their parents?

What do you think parents gain when they work closely with their children?s teachers?

How do you think teachers benefit when they create partnerships with families?

What are some of the reasons that forming effective partnerships can be difficult, for both teachers and parents?

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Benefits for Children

Security and decreased anxiety in school environment and improved academic performance

Sense of self-worth when they perceive that others value and respect their parents

Knowledgeable and consistent responses from all adults in their lives

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Benefits for Parents

Feelings of support for parenting

Knowledge and skills to support parenting and support their children?s education

Enhanced parental self-esteem when invited to participate and make a contribution to their child?s school life

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Benefits for Teachers

Increased knowledge about individual children, their backgrounds, and their needs

Positive feedback increases teacher confidence and social skills, and supports their efforts

Parent resources for enriched learning experiences in and out of the classroom

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Think About It (1 of 2)

A five-year-old child newly immigrated from Russia is entering your kindergarten class. How will he and his family benefit when the teacher reaches out to welcome his family into full communication and partnership? How will you benefit as the teacher?

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Why are There Barriers?

Reasons for barriers

Human reactions, communication, and external factors

Seven role dimensions and distinctions between mothering and teaching (Katz)

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Parents and teachers often have very different perspectives on children

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Barriers Caused by Factors in the Relationship

Maneuvering over turf

Issue of trust

Differences in expertise

Essential differences between teaching and parenting

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Barriers Caused by Emotional Responses

Emotional responses of both parents and teachers

Reactions to other?s role

Harmful emotional responses: jealousy, guilt, resentment

Fear of criticism

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Barriers Caused by External Factors

Time

?Busy-ness?

Old ideas of parent involvement and families

Administrative policies

Personal problems or style

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Think About It (2 of 2)

In the scenario described earlier, of the 5-year-old Russian immigrant child entering kindergarten, consider all the possible barriers on both sides that could make forming a partnership difficult. For each barrier identified, reflect on possible solutions.

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

Summary

There are benefits for children, parents, and teachers when parents become involved in partnerships with teachers. Name several of each.

Barriers to partnerships may be found in factors that influence the relationship, in emotional responses of both teachers and parents, and in external factors.

Gestwicki, Home, School, and Community, 9th Edition. ? 2016 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

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